Many types of bank accounts cover pretty much everything that people look for – from checking and brokerage to savings. But what about the basics? That’s right, today we’re talking business and merchant accounts! You see, not all clients sure, if they are required to have both these accounts, and what are their purpose. That’s what we talk about in this article. What is a merchant account? Do you need one for a business? A merchant account is a type of bank account that allows companies to accept electronic payment transactions for their goods and services. So, if you are
Mastercard has made crucial updates to its compliance programs globally, which also applies to some of Genome’s clients. Particularly, if you are a merchant from Europe, except for Germany, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein, this blog post is for you.
The updates involve the Excessive Fraud Merchant (EFM) and Excessive Chargeback Merchant (ECM) compliance programs. Let’s cover what the changes are about.
|Number of Transactions||Fraud Chargeback(4837, 4863 reason codes) Amount||Fraud Chargeback|
(including Data Only Tax)
|1,000 or more||EUR/USD 50,000 or more||50 or more||• Less than 10% (Non-regulated Countries*)|
• Less than 50% (Regulated Countries)
Merchants’ compliance with the EFM is measured at the merchant ID (MID) level. The data and potential financial assessments are directed to the acquirer. The assessments revolve around the number of months above EFM thresholds. If you don’t comply for two months, you’ll have to pay a EUR 500 fine. Keep that in check, or the fines will skyrocket to EUR 100,000 for over 19 months of non-compliance.
|Number of months Above EFM Thresholds||Violation Assessment|
|4 to 6||EUR 5,000|
|7 to 11||EUR 25,000|
|12 to 18||EUR 50,000|
The ECM allows acquirers to predict merchants’ chargeback risks: the merchants that get lots of chargeback monthly are also monitored on the merchant ID level. When the compliance threshold of a merchant is breached, Mastercard informs acquirers automatically.
The merchants fall under two categories: the Excessive Chargeback Merchant (at least 100 to 299 chargebacks a month) and High Excessive Chargeback Merchant (over 300 chargebacks a month).
|EFM and HECM Monthly Criteria|
|Monthly Criteria||Number of Chargebacks||Basis Points|
|ECM||100 to 299||150 to 299|
|HECM||300 or more||300 or more|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Moldova||Uzbekistan|
|Channel Islands||Montenegro||Vatican City|
|Isle of Man||San Marino|
The United States is a non-regulated country.